From abusive household to dating violence
Financial/Economic Because abuse is about power and control, an abuser will use any means necessary to maintain that control, and often that includes finances.
Whether it is controlling all of the budgeting in the household and not letting the survivor have access to their own bank accounts or spending money, or opening credit cards and running up debts in the survivor’s name, or simply not letting the survivor have a job and earn their own money, this type of abuse is often a big reason why someone is unable to leave an abusive relationship.
It can also include driving recklessly or invading someone’s physical space, and in any other way making someone feel physically unsafe. Sexual While sexual abuse can be a form of physical abuse, we put it in a category by itself because it can include both physical and non-physical components.
It can involve rape or other forced sexual acts, or withholding or using sex as a weapon.
We work with survivors to get these issues resolved, but social safety nets such as food stamps, cash assistance, and health insurance can provide a much-needed bridge in the meantime. Cultural/Identity Cultural abuse happens when abusers use aspects of a victim’s particular cultural identity to inflict suffering, or as a means of control.
Maybe your partner uses excuses to make you feel like what’s happening is your fault—or at least that it’s not theirs.An abusive relationship can include any or all of these types of behaviors, sustained over a period of time and often escalating.If you or someone you care about is experiencing this and you want to talk to someone about your concerns, REACH’s hotline is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.Call 1-800-899-4000 to speak with a trained advocate who will listen without judgment.The Power and Control Wheel is a tool our advocates use with survivors to identify patterns of behavior in their relationships.
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It wasn’t until 1993 that marital rape was illegal in all 50 states, so some people may still assume that sex is something a partner is entitled to, and not recognize it as a larger pattern of power and control. Verbal/Emotional As one survivor puts it, “My ex-husband used words like weapons; like shards of glass, cutting and slowly draining my life, until I had nearly none left.